Malta is 99.5 per cent dependant on fossil fuels; however, they are unable to sustain large-scale vegetable farming with the aim of fulfilling the country’s fuel dependency. By 2020, Malta has to generate 10 per cent of its electricity demand from renewable energy sources (photovoltaic panels, wind turbines, and wave technology) and must convert ten per cent of the fossil fuels being used for transport to biofuels.
Main sources of biofuels are derived from sewage water, landfills and used cooking oils. Used oil and grease is collected from the catering industry (hotels and restaurants).
The European Union commissioned The Climate Policy Tracker to issue a report on the greenhouse gases emitted by each member state and Malta was graded an F (A being the best grade and G the worst).
Quantification of per capita CO2 was used as a benchmark to rank each country in terms of how well it is meeting Kyoto Protocol targets. Malta was given an ‘F’ grade due to a per capita carbon footprint of 7.37 tons per year.