The growth of biofuel consumption for use in transport in the European Union (EU-28) has dwindled in the past few years and finally dropped by about one million tonne oil equivalent (toe, 6.8 percent) between 2012 and 2013 according to EurObserv’ER, to a consumption level of 13.6 million toe. Nevertheless, sustainable biofuel consumption, certified and thus eligible for inclusion in European targets increased slightly by 0.8 percent to 11.8 Mtoe. Looking at the historical trend, this is the first time that consumption of biofuels decreases since the European Union’s industrial expansion of biofuels.
After an analysis of the individual country consumption trends our conclusion is that the European Union no longer has an overall trend; the decline in biofuel consumption in 2013 is essentially related to Spain (where incorporation targets were cut) and Germany, where biofuel consumption declined after abolishing the last tax exemptions enjoyed by the biodiesel sector from 2013 onwards. In contrast, a number of countries – the United Kingdom, Sweden and Denmark – significantly increased their incorporation rates, while others such as France, Austria and Belgium, kept steady incorporation rates in 2013.